​Vermicompost vs Compost | Natures Way To Recycle

​Last updated: 7/27/2020

Gardening can be a very exciting venture if you have the patience and stamina to endure preparing your plant beds, nurturing your seedlings and most important of all, choose the best composting method. Why? 

For me, no compost for my soil is like having no water for the soil. No compost, no plants and no veggies. 

Fortunately we have many options.  We will examine two of these vermicompost vs.compost.

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What is Traditional Composting?

There are many ways to compost using traditional methods. Understanding the different ways will help you understand the process of traditional composting.

Let’s examine a few tried and true options that will help get the job done.

Traditional Compost Pile

Normally, a traditional compost pile is located outside a home that operates through the presence of air greens like food waste, such as food waste, browns such as dried leaves, sun and water. 

The compost pile is periodically turned over each time more organic materials are added, always mixed with brown matter to produce the highly desired soil booster for rejuvenating your soil.

Compost Tumbler

Some planters turn to using compost tumblers.  

These require space in the backyard but these ​may not keep out rodents completely.

Some can be very expensive at hundreds of dollars.

They are cumbersome and heavy and have limited space.

vermicompost vs compost

Compost Pallets

These are also easy to manage and a great method to recycle waste found in the yard and from the kitchen. A big area is needed for this type of composting method.

​Stand Alone Compost Bin

This is an easy to operate, self-operating unit that contains layers of material in different stages of decomposing materials. 

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What is Vermicomposting?

Most planters have a fair understanding of what vermicompost is all about as I’m sure you have also. 

Without beating around the bush, vermicompost, or worm composting is the intricate method of transforming food scraps. These kitchen scraps and leafy green turn into dark rich nutrients. 

What’s the Transformation Process? 

Simply this; worms feast on the kitchen scraps and leafy greens and leave their castings behind – this is vermicompost.

An amazing bonus that the worms also leave behind, are loads of microorganisms that sustain and keep the soil active and functioning over time. 

Some have noted these benefits and have recorded them as a legacy for us to know and profit from. There’s no doubt that vermicompost contains just the right kind of rich nutrients for plants.

It’s only logical that it should be placed where it can have the greatest impact on both soil and plants. This is exactly why it’s strategically placed at the top or sides of the soil bed. 

This is where it boosts garden soil and if you plant in containers, it energizes and stimulates.

​It’s important at the start to point out that vermicompost definitely has more advantages over traditional compost #composting #allotment #gardening

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Main Differences Between Vermicompost & Composting

It’s important at the start to point out that vermicompost definitely has more advantages over traditional compost, but this does not mean you don’t have to ponder both types of composting activities. 

After all there are always two sides of the story. Vermicompost may have more nutrients, it can be used indoors, compost formation is faster and less work is needed once the system is up and running.

Nevertheless, traditional composting also has a few good points that should be considered alongside those of its counterpart. 

Who knows, traditional compost may work better for you with your own setting of climate, soil and types of plants you wish to cultivate. 

That said it would be better to play it safe and study both composting methods and at the end we can make a balanced, well informed decision, so let’s begin!

Abundance of Soil Nutrients

​When you get down to the nitty-gritty of gardening, the first thing that comes to mind is the soil itself with its profile, texture and of course, nutrients. 

All other factors automatically fall into line with water the first in line. 

Here, vermicompost is superior to standard composting because it’s rich in nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus and the figures below show by just how much:

Nitrogen – 23%

Plants need to grow well and to do that they need a steady supply of nitrogen for changing proteins (synthesize), amino acids and also DNA. 

Chlorophyll is plant leaves co-exist with nitrogen.

Potassium – 2.85% to 2..25%

According to expert researchers, enzymes, starches, sugars and proteins are essential nutrients that make plants enjoy maximum growth. 

That’s exactly what potassium does because it produces them.

Phosphorus – 1.55% to 2.25%

Flowers and roots are an integral part of plant life and growth and transformation processes are needed by plants to develop their flowers and roots. 

This is the job for phosphorus which activates changes to RNA, DNA and enzymes and also increases plant resistance to diseases.

All three are essential for the proper growth and health of your plants. 

What Else Does It Add?

Vermicompost adds more nutrients in the form of:

  • Microorganisms 

  • Hormones to energize plant growth 

  • Enzymes 

  • Micro-nutrients

Amazingly, it has the ability to hold onto these nutrients in the soil over a long period of time. Traditional compost is not able to make both macro and micro nutrients or hold them over long periods.

Bacteria Produced by Worms

Traditional composting produces thermophilic bacteria while mesophilic bacteria are produced by the vermicomposting method. 

Thermophilic bacteria love hot temperatures of over 40° C and above, on the other hand mesophilic bacteria like lower temperatures of between 20° C and 45° C.

It’s useful to remember that in traditional composting, both thermophilic and mesophilic bacteria are active at different phases of decomposition. The mesophilic bacteria are active during the first phase of decomposition with temperatures below 40° C. 

As temperatures rise, the thermophilic heat loving bacteria take over.

Vermicomposting occurs in two phases, an active stage and a maturation phase where microbes and worms decompose organic matter. The maturation phase occurs when the red worms move up to feast on the newly delivered food scraps and waste

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6 Things To Consider Between Both Choices

1.| Pace of creating compost

There is also a difference in the time taken to produce compost when using the two methods of composting. Traditional composting requires about 8 weeks and another 4 weeks for curing or break down of non-decomposed remains after composting.

Vermicomposting takes less time to complete composting and doesn’t need a period of curing because the worm castings are already in a cured form that is they are of very fine texture.

2.| Compost texture and structure

Vermicompost is of finer texture and structure than ordinary compost and the nutrients produced and can be immediately used by your plants and of course contains a more diverse and more numerous microbes than ordinary compost.

3.| Composting sites

Vermicomposting can be carried out outdoors as well as indoors in the house or in an apartment. 

Standard composting can only be done outside where food scraps and other food waste is carried to a bin outside or a tumbler or open aired enclosure.

4.| More or less work 

Both vermicomposting and ordinary composting require work at different stages of development. 

In the early stages, worms in their bedding need to be monitored carefully to ensure they are enjoying their bedding and have developed their access boroughs from the bottom to the top. It becomes a cinch after that..

On the other hand, traditional composting requires continuous aeration until the maturation stage is reached and the temperature within the pile has subsided and further work will need to focus on harvesting the mature pile of compost after about a year since starting.

5.| What About Costs?

A traditional compost pile can begin without much startup investment while vermicomposting requires a small investment for materials and equipment such as building the worm bedding and getting the vermiculture container or bin. 

You can circumvent this expense by building your own bin but you’d have to purchase the materials for it. It’s fair to say vermicomposting will cost to get it off the ground.

6.| Harmful Bacteria

The ability of traditional composting to eliminate harmful bacteria is high while that of vermicomposting is low. 

The range of temperatures produced by ordinary composting is greater than vermicomposting and hence the former is able to destroy many harmful bacteria during the active stage of the composting when temperatures rise over the 65° C

​How To Get Started With Vermicomposting

Setting up a vermicomposting systemic undertaking is never a daunting exercise. ​

You just need a small manageable container in your kitchen to deposit all the food scraps and wastes and what not. 

It’s not that simple for traditional composting. You’ll need space outside the house for placing a suitably sized container for the scraps and other throwaways. 

Learn more to boost your confidence on composting.

compost vs vermicompost

Containers

There is no need to look for deep containers when you are aware that red worms, which are the best worm species for composting, munch away in the upper layer of their bedding. 

Finding a container with a depth of between 8 to 12 inchers should be perfect for your vermiculture. Alternatively, you can make your own container.

It really doesn’t matter where you place your worm container when you live in an apartment or your own home. 

Some ideal places include the space under the kitchen sink, tucked away in your closet or workroom. It’s not possible to do this when you decide to do your composting the traditional way.

Bedding

Red worms are fussy about where they live as they love plenty of air, plenty of moisture and the right kind of material which they can wiggle around and through. They are comfortable with:

  • Peat moss

  • Shredded cardboard

  • Worm bedding bought from the store

  • Shredded paper for example computer paper or newspaper or both

If you have say a 2-by-2 foot container, the ideal amount of bedding material should be between 4 to 6 pounds in weight and always keep in mind that initially, two thirds of your container should be filled with the bedding material mentioned above regardless of the size.

Want more help on bedding? 

Let’s discuss it one step at a time:

  1. Put dry bedding material (paper, cardboard, peat moss) in a big container with holes

  2. Cover the dry bedding with water

  3. Allow the bedding to absorb as much water as possible

  4. Squeeze the water out of the bedding material

OR

  1. Simply wet the dry bedding

  2. Squeeze excess water from the saturated bedding

  3. Place the bedding in the vermicomposting container

  4. Then place the bedding in the worm bin making sure it’s moist when you add it in the bin.

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Ideal Worms for Vermicomposting

Most worms depend on garden soil for nutrients, but as already mentioned, red worms are ideal for vermicomposting and they can be the first residents of the worm bedding you’ve just created. 

For their rent they can create the vital compost you desperately need for your veggie plants or other plants.

Red worms also survive in temperatures between 55° F and 77° F, they feed near the surface off the scraps buried just under the container surface. Keep in mind that the temperature of the bedding should not be over 84° F or below freezing.  

Extreme temperatures slow down worm feeding and propagation and worms will die at temperature extremes. You may scatter the worms at the top of your compost bin.

Adding Kitchen Scraps

What constitutes these? Your kitchen waste, fruit waste, veggie waste, coffee grounds, tea bags and eggshells but don’t include bone, meat scraps and pieces of fat. 

Remember that bacteria needs time to form so don’t add too much scraps too quickly to avoid an unpleasant odor from your bin. Chop the materials into smaller pieces so the worms can handle them easier.

​What are worm castings? They are the transformed scrap wastes in the vermiculture bin that passed through the guts of red worms and out the other end as excretion or worm castings. #compost #allotment #gardentips

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Harvesting Worm Castings

What are worm castings? They are the transformed scrap wastes in the vermiculture bin that passed through the guts of red worms and out the other end as excretion or worm castings.

This is the wonder fertilizer that accumulates in your bin that contains the macro and micro nutrients. After 3 to 4 months, you should start harvesting the worm castings from you bin to achieve a balance in this way:

  • Shine a light into the bin and the worms will wiggle themselves downwards as they are sensitive to light.

  • Remove the upper layer of worm castings with your hands or a sieve. Put back any worm eggs and wrigglers back into the bin.

  • Refill the top part of your bin with kitchen scraps and waste and more bedding material (no glass, aluminum foils, plastics, rubber bands and the like in the bin and NO insecticides around you bin. Yes, they may kill pests but they will also kill your worms.

This type of continuous compost harvesting is different from harvesting compost produced by the traditional method of composting where the whole compost is harvested once and restarted again.

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Which Way to Choose?

Only you can best decide which composting method to opt for based on the information provided including of course the specific conditions that prevail where you are located. 

Nevertheless I think you’d agree with me that the most important factor is the product that comes out of the two methods of composting as to whether or not they align with your own specific circumstances and what your needs, desires and aspirations are.

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Final Thoughts

Composting of whatever nature is a definite boost to any gardening venture of any kind whether it is home based or on a community level. 

Whether a choice is based on a comparison of two different types of compositing methods such as Vermicompost vs Compost is made, both have been tested and used and are therefore real and fruitful.

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vermicompost vs compost

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