COMPANION PLANTING CHART | EPIC GUIDE TO INTERPLANTING

I remember listening to my grandfather when I was growing up talking about how you have to grow basil next to tomatoes.  

I never quite understood what he meant by that except that maybe they taste good together so grow lots of each.

Of course, there was no companion planting chart back then.

It wasn't until I planted my first tomato plant and experienced the pain and frustration that comes along with all those pests gobbling up those majestic globes of juiciness.

There had to be a way to prevent this without spraying them with chemicals (before there was really an organic movement). 

There wasn't much guidance readily available in the internet's infancy.

Fast forward to much later in my gardening hobby where there is an abundance of gardening information. 

My curiosity later returned after reading about the Three sister's planting.

Three Sister's Planting | Companion Planting Roots

Native Americans naturally interplanted their crops to help sustain them both physically and spiritually. 

The most commonly known practice is called the three sister planting: Corn, Beans & Squash.

This trio of plants helped each other to sustain themselves naturally.  

The beans provide the soil with much nitrogen.  

The corn acted as trellises for the beans and provided shade for the squash.  

The squash covered the soil to help prevent water evaporation.

companion planting guide 01

A perfect harmony of plants.  These practices later led to other interplanting techniques that have been refined over the years such as crop rotation.

The companion planting chart below has many of these examples.

What is Companion Planting?

Companion planting is the act of interplanting plants that can mutually benefit each other.  This could mean that they help each other by soil nutrition, physical, or other pest reduction means.

Pest management has become a bigger issue in today's commercial farming practices.  However, companion planting on a smaller scale has been met with much success.

Here are a few methods of companion planting:

  • Trap Cropping: involves planting another plant to attract pests away from your desired crop.  Radishes are one example that attracts flea beetles and root flies away from cabbages or broccoli.
  • Repellant Intercrops: Interplanting certain plants in between and around your other crops.  My favorite repellant is onions.  We use it as a border around our gardens.  My neighbor always wondered why his garden got snacked on and mine didn't.
  • Row Cropping: Planting alternate rows of crops that benefit each other.  Tomatoes and basil always seem to end up as neighbors in our garden.

Reasons for Companion Planting

companion planting guide 02

In today's world, we are constantly bombarded with pollutants and chemicals. 

The air we breathe, the food we consume, and increasing UV radiation from the sun.

Its no wonder why it is important to reduce this over the course of a lifetime if we can.

I'll give just about any safe method a try if it helps me and the environment in any way.  

Chemical reduction is just one of the many reasons.

Here are few more to help you give it a try:

  • Fewer Chemicals: Natural means to help repel insects
  • Attract beneficial bugs: Some bugs are drawn towards plants and can naturally fend off unwanted pests.
  • Shade protection: Provide necessary shade for some crops during the dog days of summer
  • Water retention: Closely planting some crops can help to cover up otherwise bare soil to further reduce evaporation

Are you convinced yet on giving this technique a try?  There are so many benefits for companion planting.

Following the methods of companion planting is a natural way to mimic the rhythm of the existing ecosystems.  Nature always seems to be paired with these examples.

Books about Companion Planting

Sometimes you need a good reference to hold in your hand.  There is so much more to learn on this topic that it is difficult to summarize in a 1500 word blog post.

You need some good references to help shine more knowledge on the subject.  There are 2 fantastic reference books that really shine a light on the subject.

Both of these authors are experts & champions of companion planting.

The first book is Carrots Love Tomatoes by Louise Riotte.  You can find it here at Amazon.

She definitely gets credit with solidifying the knowledge that I have picked up with these methods.  Her book highlights each plant and the best choices for interplanting.

Vegetables are not the only plants she discusses.  She goes into depths with some trees, bushes and other gardening tips.

The second book is Rodale's Ultimate Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening that you can find here at Amazon.

This is a well-versed guide that does go over quite a bit of interplanting and companion planting guidelines for vegetables and flowers.

My copy has a vast amount of dirt all over it because I bring it into the garden with me as a reference sometimes.

These 2 books are a great start in the world of companion planting.

Carrots Love Tomatoes: Secrets of Companion Planting for Successful Gardening
Rodale's Ultimate Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening: The Indispensable Green Resource for Every...
Carrots Love Tomatoes: Secrets of Companion Planting for Successful Gardening
Rodale's Ultimate Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening: The Indispensable Green Resource for Every...
Carrots Love Tomatoes: Secrets of Companion Planting for Successful Gardening
Carrots Love Tomatoes: Secrets of Companion Planting for Successful Gardening
Rodale's Ultimate Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening: The Indispensable Green Resource for Every...
Rodale's Ultimate Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening: The Indispensable Green Resource for Every...

Companion Planting Chart | Friend or Foe

These charts are made up of a collection of sources, personal experience, and books that I have read throughout the years.

Please feel free to share this chart with all your gardening friends to help guide what to interplant with each other.

You can find the companion planting chart guide printable pdf here

Here is a companion planting chart spreadsheet that you can copy here.

Companion Planting Chart

Vegetable
Best Companion Plants
Antagonistic Plants
Greenthumb Gardener Notes
Asparagus
Carrot, Tomato, Basil, Coriander, Dill, Parsley, Marigold
Garlic, Potato, Onion
Tomatoes help to protect asparagus from beetles.
Beans
Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Carrots, Cauliflower, Cucumber, Celery, Chard, Corn, Eggplant, Kale, Peas, Potatoes, Radishes, Strawberries, marigolds
Beets, Chives, Fennel, Garlic, Leek, Onion, Shallots, Sunflowers
Marigolds planted with beans help to repel the Mexican bean beetle
Beets
Chives, Garlic, Leeks, Onions, Broccoli, Brussel Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Kohlrabi, Lettuce, Radishes, Spinach
Beans, Tomatoes
The beans and beets don't do well near each other but get your lettuce next to them.
Broccoli
Beet, Bush Beans, Carrot, Celery, Cucumber, Garlic, Lettuce, Onion, Radish, Spinach, Swiss Chard, Basil, Chamomile, Dill, Mint, Rosemary, Sage, Thyme, Marigold, Nasturtium
Asparagus, Beans, Mustard, Peppers, Pumpkin, Sweet Corn, Cantaloupe, Strawberry, Watermelon
Most of the aromatics help to repel unwanted insects.
Brussels Sprouts
Beets, Carrots, Garlic, Onion, Basil, Dill, Thyme, Mint, Nasturtium, Marigold
Strawberry, Tomato
It is part of the brassica family, so the aromatics help deter pests.
Cabbage
Beets, Bush Beans, Celery, Onion, Potato, Chamomile, Dill, Mint, Oregano, Rosemary, Sage, Spearmint, Nasturtium, Marigold
Beans, Eggplant, Mustard, Pepper, Tomato, Strawberry
Rosemary helps to deter cabbage fly.
Carrots
Beans, Chives, Garlic, Leek, Lettuce, Onion, Tomato, Parsley, Rosemary
Parsnip, Coriander, Dill
Onion, leeks, and aromatics herbs like rosemary & sage deter the carrot flies.
Cauliflower
Beans, Celery, Peas, Spinach, Tomato, Chamomile, Oregano, Rosemary, Sage, Sunflower
Tomatoes, Strawberries
Celery grown near can repel the cabbage butterfly.
Celery
Bush Beans, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Cucumber, Leek, Spinach, Tomato, Dill, Marjoram, Cosmos, Daisies, Marigolds, Nasturtiums, Snapdragons
Carrots, Corn, Potato
Celery and leeks grown together in a trench seem to do well.
Chives
Basil, Carrots, Marigold, kohlrabi Parsley, Parsnip, Strawberries, Tomato
Beans
Grapes also benefit from chives ability to repel aphids. Most alums also help keep away rabbits
Corn
Beans, potatoes, Cucumber, Peas, Pumpkin, Squash, Zucchini, Marjoram, Sunflower
Tomato
One of the Three sister plants. Beans and peas supply nitrogen.
Cucumber
Beans, Celery, Corn, Lettuce, Peas, Radish, Dill, Marigold, Nasturtium
Potato, Tomato, Sage, Strong Aromatic Herbs (except dill)
Cucumbers keep away raccoons, so they are good to plant with corn.
Dill
Cabbage, Corn, Cucumbers, Dill, Fennel, Lettuce, Onions
Cilantro, Tomato
Grows well with fennel.
Eggplant
Beans, Marjoram, Pepper, Potato
 
Eggplants grown with beans will help protect them from Colorado potato beetle
Kohlrabi
Beets, Cucumber, Lettuce, Onions, Thyme, Nasturtium
Pepper, Pole Beans, Tomato, Strawberries
Helps protect the mustard family vegetables
Leek
Carrots, Celery, Lettuce, Onions
Beans, Peas
Leeks repel carrot flies
Lettuce
Beans, Beets, Broccoli, Carrots, Corn, Onions, Peas, Radish, Mint, Strawberries, Marigold
Parsley
Mints repel slugs. Onions repel rabbits.
Marigold
Brassicas (broccoli, etc), Cucurbits (cucumber, etc), Peppers, Tomato, and most other plants
 
Marigolds are always a staple in our garden. We line the borders with them to help repel nematodes,
Onion
Beets, Cabbage, Carrots, Lettuce, Parsnips, Tomato, Chamomile, Marjoram, Rosemary, Savory, Strawberry
Asparagus, Beans, Peas
Repels aphids, the carrot fly, and other pests. We also surround our gardens with onions such as scallions to deter many little creatures such as raccoons, rabbits, and deer.
Parsley
Asparagus, Beans, Radish, Rosemary, Tomato
Lettuce
Adds vigor to both tomatoes and asparagus
Peas
Beans, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Carrots, Cauliflower, Celery, Corn, Cucumbers, Lettuce, Potatoes, Radishes, Squash, Sage
Alliums (Chives, Garlic, Onion, Shallots)
Adds nitrogen to the soil
Potato
Beans, Celery, Corn, Garlic, Horseradish, Lettuce, Onions, Peas, Spinach, Radishes, Basil, Marigolds
Asparagus, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Kohlrabi, Carrots, Cucumbers, Eggplant, Melons, Peppers, Squash, Tomatoes, Raspberries, Strawberries, Sunflower
Cucumber, tomato, and raspberry attract harmful pests to potatoes. Horseradish increases disease resistance.
Pumpkin
Beans, Corn, Squash, Marigold, Nasturtium
Potato
Grow well with corn.
Radish
Allium family (Chives, Garlic, Leek, Onion), Beets, Cabbage, Carrots, Cucumber, Kale, Lettuce, Spinach, Squash
Hyssop (the Herb)
Radishes make a great trap crop (attract pests away from another crop)
Sage
Beans, Cabbage, Carrots, Peas, Rosemary, Strawberries
 
Repels cabbage fly, some bean parasites.
Spinach
Beans, Brassicas family (Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Kohlrabi), Celery, Eggplant, Leeks, Lettuce, Melons, Peas, Potatoes, Radishes, Tomatoes, Nasturtium, Strawberries
 
One of the early spring vegetables so does not have many pests.
Squash
Beans, Corn, Peas, Radish (White Icicle), Borage, Dill, Marigolds, Nasturtium, Strawberries, Sunflower
Potato
Plant lots of marigolds around it to help confuse the squash vine borer from laying eggs.
Strawberries
Bush Beans, Chives, Lettuce, Onions, Spinach, Squash, Borage, Caraway, Sage
Cabbage Family, and plants susceptible to Verticillium (ie. Eggplant, Potato, Tomato, Peppers)
Borage makes an excellent border for strawberry patches.
Tomatoes
Asparagus, Carrots, Celery, Chives, Garlic, Lettuce, Spinach, Onion, Basil, Borage, Parsley, Marigolds
Brassicas (Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Kohlrabi), Beets, Corn, Fennel, Peas, Potatoes, Dill, Rosemary, Walnut trees
Basil growing near tomatoes has been reported to improve the yields of them.
Turnip
Peas
Mustard, knotweed, avoid rotating after cabbage family
Hairy vetch and turnips make excellent companions.
Zucchini
Corn, Marjoram, Nasturtium
 
 
companion planting guide 03

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Last update on 2020-08-11 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

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